Location: N49°09'00.0 E87°49'00.0 (highest peak is Khuiten mountain) Ulaankhus soum of Bayan-Ulgii province
Distance: 1936 km west from Ulaanbaatar city, 180 km west from Ulgii town (Potanin glacier)
Altitude: 4374 m above sea-level
Altai Tavan Bogd, highest point of Mongolian territory: is a picturesque mountain with glacier and a permanent snow peak and is located at the cross borders of the west of Mongolia with Russia and China. The mountain is called Altai Tavan Bogd because of five holy peaks of Altai. Those five peaks are Khuiten (4374 m high, and it has been called Ikh Mongol since 2006), Nairamdal (4082 m), Malchin (4037m), Burged (4068 m) and Ulgii (4050 m). Tavan Bogd Mountain is glaciated and has permanent snow cover above 3100 m. There are 250 big and small glaciers which cover an area of 514 square km. There are 26 glaciated areas in the mountain range, the biggest being the Potanin, Aleksander and Graneger glaciers. Potanin glacier is biggest glacier in Mongolia and it is considered one of the big glaciers in central Asia. Potanin glacier is located on the beginning of Tsagaan Gol that begins from Altai Tavan Bogd, and it is 25 km long, 300-500 m wide, 50-200 m deep and covers 53.2 square km. Some big rivers of Central Asian basin such as Khovd River, Tsagaan River begin from the Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain. Most of peaks above 3000 m have permanent snow. Maanit mountain, at 3244 m high, on the west point of Mongolia, is located around 30 km far away to the south of Tavan Bogd mountain. Around Altai Tavan Bogd mountain, especially on the valley of Tsagaan River, there are many historical sights such as the Baga Oigor writings, Zuun Oroin Uvuljuunii writings, Khar Yamaat River man stone, group memorials of Gants Mod spring, and the Tsagaan Salaa rock paintings. Tsagaan Salaagiin Rock painting has around 1000 paintings and it is not only Mongolia’s biggest, but also central Asia’s biggest ancient people’s complex gallery. The area south of Tavan Bogd Mountain, 200 km long and 50-80 km wide, has been protected as a National Park since 1996. There are very rare animals, birds, fish and plants that are written in the International and Mongolian Red books, some white water rivers and waterfalls, fresh lakes created by glacial movement and small forest covered areas. Climate is cooler than other areas, because 70 percent of total area is more than 2000-3000 m above sea level and 30 percent is more than 3000 m above sea level. The Mongol Altai mountain Range has a continental climate with temperate summers and cold winters: the snow comes early Autumn and melts late spring. In summer, the average temperature ranges between 18 to 23 degrees plus, and in winter, the average temperature goes down between 32 to 37 degrees below zero. Average precipitation is 400-500 mm per year. There are rare rodents, mammals and birds such as Snow leopards, Ibexes, Altai mountain sheep, Altai marmots, Golden Eagle and Altai Snow Cock in this area.