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BAT KHAAN MOUNTAIN

BAT KHAAN MOUNTAIN

BAT KHAAN MOUNTAIN

Location: N47°05'00.0 E104°16'00.0 Burd soum of Uvurkhangai province and Erdenesant soum of Tuv province.

Distance: 250 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar city 277 km west from Zuun Mod town.

Altitude: 2178 m above sea-level.

          Batkhaan Mountain, 30 km to the west of Erdenesant soum centre, around 40 km long and positioned along the boundary between Tuv and Uvurkhangai provinces. However, this mountain is close to the huge sand dunes of Mongol Els in the steppe zone, its backside is covered by forests and rich in some rare animals like deer. The south side of the mountain is quite steep while the backside is long gently inclined and rocky. The valleys of the south and north Jargalant rivers are sandy. North Jargalant river flows into the Khugnu Tamiin River. There are some mineral springs including Khird, Devsen Bulag and Khunkhar around the end of the south Jargalant River. Other rivers like Tsuugel, Tolit. Bichigt and Urt rivers rise from the mountain. Batkhaan Mountain has abundant flora and fauna because it is located in the steppe and the mountain steppe zones. This is the southernmost point of Mongolian forested mountains. There are some uneven forests with birch, cedar and poplar trees. Apart from these trees, some elms grow in talus, ravines and canyons of the mountain. Salix grand folia, white wicker and black alder trees can also be found here. Roe deer, wild boar, lynx, wild cats, fox, wolf, musk deer, rabbit, marmot and ground squirrels inhabit in this area. Dinosaur tracks and petrified fossil ivory tusks have been found on Saijrakh Mountain, which is close to Batkhaan Mountain. These finds are now exhibited in the Natural History Museum in Ulaanbaatar. Batkhaan Mountain was protected as a Strictly Protected Area during 1957 to 1995 and its status became a Natural Reserve Area in the latter year. There are many ancient tumuli and tombs in north and south sides of the mountain as well as on the north banks of North and South Jargalant rivers. Ancient rock paintings have been found from Bichigtiin Am, and a cooking pot was found from Togoot (translation: with cooking pot) mountain, as well as an armour found from Khuyagt (translation: with armour) mountain too. There is a lake called Shireet Tsagaan Lake 20 km away to the north west of Batkhaan Mountain. Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, 5 years old, was elevated as head of Mongolian Buddhism in 1639 on the shore of the lake. The same year, “Shar Bust” House was built for him that was the start of Ulaanbaatar city.

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