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BURKHAN BUUDAI MOUNTAIN

BURKHAN BUUDAI MOUNTAIN

BURKHAN BUUDAI MOUNTAIN

 

Location: N45°38'00.0, E96°42'00.0 Biger,Tsogt and Khaliun soums of Gobi-Altai province.

Distance: 880 km away to the southwest of Ulaanbaatar city, 273 km away to the southeast of Altai town.

Altitude: 3765 m above sea-level

           Burkhan Buuudai Mountain is located in 30 km away to the south east of Biger soum centre, stretches in southwest part of depression of Biger Lake, in the northwest part of Gichgen mountain range, which is the most eastern part of Mongol Altai mountain range. Medium height of the mountain is 3400 m and the highest point is 3765 m above sea level. The Burkhan Buudai Mountain belongs to mountain steppe and mountain meadow landscape sub division of Mongol Altai Mountain range and has full of depression, deep valleys and rocky taluses. South river, Middle river, North river, Ust Chachran and Sagsai rivers are flowed from the Burkhan Buudai Mountain. About 40 m high water dam and irrigating system was constructed by collecting water in the beginning of Sagsai River, which flows 100 km from the Burkhan Buudai Mountain. We can easily see some rare animals: wild sheep, ibex, snow leopard, vulture, lammergeier, snow cock as well as medical herbs such as snowlotus /sausera involuctra/, rose root, saw-wort, and fruits, namely, seabuckthom and barberry in the branch mountain of Mongol Altai Mountain range. Climbing and reaching to the peak of the Burlhan Buudai Mountain is difficult from each side because of sharp edges of rocks, deep valleys, rocky taluses, canyons and high hills such as “Thousand graves of Khyar Lake” and “White door of Uyert”. Since the ancient times, local people have worshipped a red wheat shaped rock in the peak of Lower Bogda mountain and kept the tradition. In recent years, illegal hunting of the rare animals, picking some medical herbs and cutting shrubs and bushy trees for the purpose of fire destroys natural balance of the region. In order to protect the natural beauty and specific landscape of the Burkhan Buudai Mountain, keep the ancient tradition of worshipping the mountain, make a proper protection, the mountain has been protected as a Natural Reserve with its 52.1 thousand ha area according to the decree number 43 of Mongolian State Great Khural since 1996.

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