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BURKHAN KHALDUN MOUNTAIN

BURKHAN KHALDUN MOUNTAIN

BURKHAN KHALDUN MOUNTAIN

 

Location: N48°45'00.0, E109°01'00.0 Umnudelger soum of Khentii province.

Distance: 280 km north east from Ulaanbaatar city.

Altitude: 2362 m above sea-level.

           State worshipped mountain Burkhan Khaldun is located in the east part of Ikh Khentii Range or 100 km away to the north east of Mungun Morit soum centre. The mountain is source of Bogd river, Iluur river, Deed Tarsiin river that flows into Onon river. It is also watershed of Onon and Kherlen Rivers. Larch and birch trees are spread up to 2000 m absolute altitude and short and sparse cedar forest covers top of the mountain. The top of the mountain is plateau and domed. It is also called Khentii khan range and its relative altitude is 800-900 m. This area is in abundant of rivers and precipitations, and is also very swampy. There also are many glacial fresh water lakes. One of those lakes is Khentii Lake with 1 sq km area, located at the 1880 m absolute altitude in Burkhan Khaldun Mountain. The mountain is in the area of Khan Kentii Strictly Protected Area. UNESCO registered this area in world natural and cultural heritage because this are keeps over 800 tombs and tumuli that have archeological significance. The mountain was also considered a holy mountain when ancient Mongolian tribes existed here and it has been protected since Chinggis Khaan. Burkhan Khaldun Mountain was initially worshipped when Temuujin was elected as Mongolian Great King Chinggis khan. Since that time, the mountain has been worshipped until now. Five mountains like Burkhan Khaldun, Otgontenger and Bogd Khaan were protected and some birds like swan hunting was forbidden in 1294. After an interruption of the worshipping custom, the ceremony restored and worshipped every year since 1818. But the ceremony interrupted again by social and political change in Mongolia. Finally, this mountain is proclaimed as a State Worshipped Mountain in 1995. There are 3 ovoo (cairns) in this mountain. As a traditional custom, women should not go further from Bosgo Tengeriin Mountain Pass, 20 km rom Burlkhan Khaldun mountain. According to many historians, this mountain is considered a place where Chinggis Khaan’s tomb is saved.

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