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KHARKHIRAA and TURGEN - Snow capped Mountains

KHARKHIRAA and TURGEN - Snow capped Mountains

KHARKHIRAA and TURGEN - Snow capped Mountains

Location: N49°50'00.0 E91°42'00.0 (Kharkhiraagiin Khukh Lake) Turgen, Tarialan, Umnu gobi, Khovd and Bukhmurun soums of Uvs province

Distance: 1356 km northwest from Ulaanbaatar city, 180 km southwest from Ulgii town (until Kharkhiraa Resort)

Altitude: 4037 m above sea-level

         This is a big mountain range, located between Achit and Uvs lakes, and is a branch of the Mongolian Altai Mountain Range. Yol, Khargait, Altan Khukhiin Mountain Range, including Buraat and Buural Mountains with 2500-3000 m altitudes, is on the south side while Bairamiin Mountain Range including Tsakhir and Khalzan Mountains with 2800-3000 m altitude is on the north of Turgen Mountain. Turgen Mountains cover a 70 km long area and it’s average elevation is 2000-3000 m above sea level. The highest peak is Tsagaan Deglii Mountain (3965 m). Tugren Mountains have more than 10 permanently snow covered peaks. This area is a combination of many natural landscapes as well as permanent snow, glaciers, caves and cliffs. Glaciers on the Tur- gen Mountain make up 20% or 104 sq km of Mongolia’s total glacial areas. Karkhiraa, Turgen and Yamaat Rivers begin from Turgen Mountains and their valleys are very narrow and Ford in shape. Turgen Mountains have straight sides with rocks and taluses, but bottom sides are very influenced by deserted areas of Uureg and Achit Lakes. These mountains have ebony and wicker forests as well as some rare animals including ibex, deer, snow leopard, manul cat, roe deer, marten and boar. Kharkhiraa Mountain, altitude 3400 m, covers 100 km long area to the south of Turgen Mountains. The highest peak is Tsagaan Shuvuut Mountain (4037 m). This is the source of the Shiver, Orlogo, Burgastai and Namir rivers. There is a wonderful waterfall “Goojuuriin khurkhree”, which is 17 m high, at the beginning of the Shiver River with a glacier of 60 sq km covering the area. A group of small rivers, called the Olon Lake, which source is from the glacier, is at the altitude of 2536 m above sea level. There are many small lakes sourced by glacial creeks, many rivers with streams and waterfalls, and many species of plants and forests. This area is included in the Uvs Lake Strictly protected Area.

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