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KHASAGT KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

KHASAGT KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

KHASAGT KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

 

Location: N46°45'00.0, E95°58'00.0 (Khunkher Zuslangiin Am) Taishir, Jargalan and Bayan-Uul soums of Gobi Altai province

Distance: 1025 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar city 70 km northwest from Altai town (Khunkher Zuslangiin Am)

Altitude: 3582 m above sea-level

          This Mountain Range is 80 km long, from northwest to south east, and is located 4th line of Mongolian Altai Range. This mountain range consists of two parallel ranges with straight sides and sharp peaks, and first range is called Khasagt Khairkhan Range and second one is Gurvan Bogd Range. Highest peak is Khasagt Bogd (3578 m). There also are some high peaks such as Dund Khasagt Khairkhan (3471 m) and Zuun Khasagt Khairkhan (3540 m) in this range and Bogd (3200 m), Dund Bogd (3522 m) and Zuun Bogd (3340 m) in another range. This Mountain Range is separated from Mongolian Altai Main Range by Sharga Gobi and Khuis Gobi desert area. The range is closer to Khangai Range, but it is also separated by Zavkhan River valley and Guzeen Teeliin big depression. There are 30 to 40 smaller and bigger caves in marble and lime rocky mountains of Khasagt Khairkhan Range. Many rivers from Khasagt Khairkhan run through deep canyons and valleys, however they dry up into on the way. There is a wonderful waterfall with 80 m relative altitude in the beginning of Shatat River. Khunkher Zuslan Resort, 70 km from Altai town and 27 km from Jargalant soum centre, is located in Khunkher River valley of the range. Here, a mineral spring is used for health treatment, particularly good for human internal organs including liver, stomach and gall. Larch forests spread over the beginning and middle parts of Uliastai, Ayaga, Shanaga, Tsorgo, Devkhreg, Khavchig, Khust, Tsetserleg, Sogoot and Ar Khorgo rivers that are located in back side of Khasagt Khairkhan range. Also larch, birch and asp forests are at the beginning and middle parts of Temeen Khuzuu, Tsagaan Chuluut, Shatiin Ekh, Bituu, Khorgo and north east Uliastai rivers. Those forests spread up to 2800 m altitude. Those forests include some fruits including barberry and quinsy berry, some species of herbs including globeflower, snowdrop, harebell, crowfoot, gentian and burnet. But, wormwood, couch, rhubarb, plantain and silverweed are in the mountain steppe zone. This is a home of some rare animals, listed in Mongolian Red Book, including deer, ibex, wild sheep, marten, snow cock, snow leopard and vulture, as well as lynx, stoat, chipmunk and eider in forests and rocks. Those Mountains have been protected since 1965, and the area extended in 1995.

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