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KHUGNU KHAAN MOUNTAIN

KHUGNU KHAAN MOUNTAIN

KHUGNU KHAAN MOUNTAIN

Location: N47°28'00.0 E113°73'00.0 Rashaant and Gurvanbulag soums of Bulgan province.

Distance: 290 km west from Ulaanbaatar city 170 km south from Bulgan town.

Altitude: 1967 m above sea-level.

          Khugnu Khan Mountain is located to the northeast of Mongol sand dunes (Mongol Els), 20 km to the west of Rashaant soum centre. The landscape consists of smallish mountains around 1500 to 2000 m in altitude and small hills and plains between them. The highest point is Tsetserleg (1967 m). This mountain is consists of yellowish granite stones and rocks. This area is rare in rivers and lakes. The biggest river is the Tamiin River, rises from the back of Zuun Khairkhan Mountain and flows into the Khar Bukh River. There are two mineral springs on the south of Khugnu Khan. The smaller one is good for eye illness and the other is good for stomach and other internal organs. Ikh Mongol sand massif lies along the east side of the Tama River and it holds 58.3 % of the dunes in the Khangai region. The widest part of the sand dunes is 9-10 km around Ikh Mongol Mountain (1675 m), it is here you will find the start of the Tama river and the junction of Sharlin and Jargalant rivers. These dunes are also known as Elsen tasarkhai, or Khugnu tamiin els. Larch and birch trees spread on the north of the mountain and cedar forest covers the top. Along the riverbanks, you can find wicker and black alder trees with Asp and some bushy trees hidden in talus rocks and glens. This is home to roe deer, boar, wild cats, fox, musk deer, wolf, rabbit, badger and ferret as well as birds like golden eagle, saker falcon, upland buzzard, common kestrel, raven, hawk, owl, magpie, partridge, cuckoo, black kite, shell duck, duck and goose. The mountain has been protected since 2003 as a National Park. There are many historical places including; Uvgun (Old) Temple, Erdenekhambiin Temple, rock paintings in Senget Khad dating back to the Bronze Age, ancient rock paintings in Yamaatii tsagaan hutul, granite stone statues, religious writings in Aman Khad and many tombs and tumuli in Khiidiin Davaa, in the south of Khugnu Khan. Galdan Boshigt Khan destroyed Uvgun temple and killed the monks in 1688.

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