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KHUSTAI MOUNTAIN

KHUSTAI MOUNTAIN

KHUSTAI MOUNTAIN

 

Location: N47°42'00.0, E105°50'00.0 (Khushuut mountain). Altanbulag soum of Tuv province.

Distance: 105 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar city, 95 km southwest from Zuunmod town.

Altitude: 1842 m above sea-level.

          Khustai Range, the west branch of the Khentii Range, is located on the north bank of the Tuul River, 48 km to the northwest of Altanbulag soum centre. This range is curved like a bow from south to northeast and averages 1500-1700 m in altitude. There are some taller and domed peaks with rocks and taluses including; Khushuut (1842 m), Nalgar (1830 m), Batsumber (1710 m), Bor Khargana (1715 m), Khailaast  (1724 m), Balbar (1757 m), Tsagaan Chuluut (1755 m) and AvdarUul (1717 m). Some rivers and springs like Altanbulag, Urtiin Us, Bayanbukag, Bayanii Us, Jargalantiin Us, Tariatiin Us rivers, and Hushuutiin Bulag, Tariatiin Bulag springs and Zuun Artsatiin mineral waters belong to the range. There are 954 species of plants found here including over 200 species of medicinal and 11 species of woody and bushy plants. The range is home of 46 species of mammals like roe deer, wild boar, antelope, wolf, lynx, fox, badger and ferret, as well as 126 species of birds like white-napped crane, vulture, black stork, bustard and spotted woodpecker. In 1992, fifteen wild horses (Takhi) were transferred to the Khustai range from Askaniya Nova Protected Area in Ukraine, by a Dutch fund for protecting wild horses. During 1992 to 2000 a total of 84 wild horses had been transferred to the range in 5 shifts. Now the numbers of wild horses has increased to more than 200. The range was initially protected in 1992 in order for the protection of wild horses as a Natural Reserve Area, and then the area increased in 1998. The range has also been recognised in the “World Biosphere Network”. Apart from the Khustai Range, wild horses have been reintroduced to Great Gobi “B” Protected Area, the Bijiin Steppe in Gobi Altai province, and Khomiin Steppe in Zavkhan Province. Moltsog Els, the nearest sand dunes to Ulaanbaatar, is between the Avdar Mountain and Khustai range. The sand dunes cover more than 10 sq km in area and is included in the Khaustai Range National Park. For a small donation domestic and foreign tourists can name new foals in the spring. A total of 141 ancient tombs and 19 tumuli and bigger ruins of temple have been found around the range, the largest one from these tumuli is the Ungut memorials.

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