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ULAAN TAIGA MOUNTAIN

ULAAN TAIGA MOUNTAIN

ULAAN TAIGA MOUNTAIN

Location: N50°36'00.0, E98°15'00.0 (Barlin Lake) Tsagaannuur, Ulaan-Uul and Bayanzurkh soums of Khuvsgul province.

Distance: 861km northwest from Ulaanbaatar city (Until Taijiin Lake) 190 km northwest from Murun town (Until Taijiin Lake).

Altitude: 3351 m above sea-level.

           Ulaan Taiga Range is located in the west of Khubsgul Range along west of Darkhad depression. The range consists of three smaller ranges namely Deed taiga (3164 m), Dund taiga (3058 m) and Dood or Nogoon taiga (3351 m). The highest peak is Belchir Mountian (3351 m). Mountains of the range are averagely 2500-2900m and average relative altitude is more than 1000 m. Generally, the mountains in Ulaan taiga Range have plateau peaks comparing other mountains of Khuvsgul, but there are still some high mountains with sharp peaks and straight sides. Landscape feature is relief created by tectonic movement and ancient glaciations. There are many glacial lakes, hills and deposits. It shows there were huge glaciations covered top of the range before. The range is combination of many high mountains and river valleys and is also watershed of Shishged, Delger, Khug and Busiin rivers. Many rivers like Mungarag, Gunui, Sailag, Ikh Jams, east Jolcha, Khar        bus rivers begin from the range and some river valleys are much swampy. The range looks like a high island surrounded by smaller mountains.Because, more than 300 lakes of Darkhad depression surround along east side, many lakes which source beginning rivers of Shishged river and Tengis river along north side, many lakes in the Bust River valley along west side, and Barlin lake and Taijiin lake are in the south. Top sides of the range are poor in plants. Larch and birch forest dominate in mountain meadow and there almost no shrubby plant because of thick forests. Reindeer, moose and martens are abundantly found here. South part of the range became National Park in 2003. Ulaan Taiga National Park has changed its status as a Strictly protected area with 325300 ha area since 2011 according to the decree number 18 of State Great Khural of Mongolia.

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