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ZORGOL KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

ZORGOL KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

ZORGOL KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN

 

Location: N46°55'00.0, E105°52'00.0 Bayan-Unjuul soum of Tuv province

Distance: 152 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar city, 135 km southwest from Zuunmod town.

Altitude: 1668 m above sea-level

          Zorgol Khairkhan Mountain is a single mountain located in 20 km from Bayan-Unjuul soum of Tuv province as an east end of massive granite rocks of Bayan Mountain. Steep mountain peaks and sides of the mountain is about 500-600 m but backside of the mountain looks very picturesque and amazing. Slope of the mountainsides is 40- 50 degrees but it is higher in some parts. The mountain wholly includes red granite rocks, which were dried for many centuries and made today’s amazing views. We can see many different sizes of caves and holes in the mountain of which the biggest one is situated in the west and steep part of the Zorgol Khairkhan Mountain. The mouth of the cave is located in 20 m high in the middle of the steep mountain, which is impossible to climb for ordinary unequipped people except professionals. Landscape of the mountain is very wonderful and steppe plants are dominant but elms and bushy trees are grown in the mountain. There is the beautiful small spring in the west mouth of the mountain. Local people call it as the Khairkhan’s spring and worshipped for many hundreds of years. As well as there is a little saline lake called Khangai Lake next to the mountain in the east. In 10 km to the south east of the lake there is a salt lake called Khairkhan Lake, which is the biggest water resource of the area and becomes a stopping point for many species of migratory birds. In the portions of the Zorgol Khairkhan Mountain, there are many species of birds such as vulture, falcon, eagle, black kite, as well as some red listed birds, namely, scoter, common shelduck, river gull and rock pigeon. Examples of some mammals include deer, ibex, wild sheep, Mongolian gazelle and wolf. The Zorgol Khairkhan Mountain has been worshiped since ancient times and was protected in “Khalkh Juram” law in 18th century. According to Mongolian oral law, pronouncing the name of the holy mountains while visiting them is forbidden. So local people refuse to call this mountain name, when they are close to this mountain. It has some springs, and holy peaks, where only men are allowed to reach there. The mountain is very rich with medical plants and mystical stories. Also, the mountain is called as “Great Khairkhan”. Scientist Sukhbaatar.O noticed that the mountain was mentioned that “Zorgol Khonii Ulaanuud” in the book “The Secret History of Mongols” and erected a stone monument in the west part of the mountain in 2005. According to “The Secret History of Mongols”, Chinggis Khaan and Toorul Khaan spent a whole autumn in the place and became a father and a son and swore their true words in 1202.

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